Geography (The Earth Our Habitat) – Class 6 – Chapter 7 – Our Country-India -NCERT Exercise Solution

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) Name the major physical divisions of India.

AnswerThe major Physical divisions of India are:

      The Himalayan Mountains

      The Northern Indian Plains

      The Peninsular plateau

      The Coastal Plains

      The Islands

(b) India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.

Answer– The seven countries are Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

(c) Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea?

Answer– The rivers Narmada and Tapi are west-flowing rivers that drain into the Arabian Sea.

(d) Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.

Answer– The Ganga and the Brahmaputra form the world’s largest delta, the Sundarbans delta.

(e) How many States and Union Territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?

Answer– There are 28 states and 8 union territories in India. The States of Haryana and Punjab have a common capital Chandigarh.

(f) Why do a large number of people live in the Northern Plains?

Answer– The Northern Indian plains are generally level and flat. These are formed by the alluvial deposits laid down by the rivers– the Indus, the Ganga, the Brahmaputra, and their tributaries. These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation. That is the reason for the high concentration of population in these plains.

(g) Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?

Answer– Because Lakshadweep islands are made up of coral, which are skeletons of tiny marine animals called Polyps. When the living polyps die, their skeletons are left. Other people grow on top of the hard skeleton which grows higher and higher, thus forming the coral islands.

2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The southernmost Himalayas are known as

(i)Shiwaliks

(ii) Himadri

(iii) Himachal

Answer: (i)Shiwaliks

(b) Sahyadris is also known as

(i)Aravali

(ii)Western Ghats

(iii) Himadri

Answer: (ii)Western Ghats

(c) The Palk Strait lies between the countries

(i) Sri Lanka and Maldives

(ii) India and Sri Lanka

(iii) India and Maldives

Answer: (ii) India and Sri Lanka

(d) The Indian islands in the Arabian Sea are known as

(i) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(ii) Lakshadweep Islands

(iii) Maldives

Answer: (ii) Lakshadweep Islands

(e) The oldest mountain range in India is the

(i) Aravali hills

(ii) Western ghats

(iii) Himalayas

Answer: (i) Aravali hills

3. Fill in the blanks.

(a) India has an area of about ________________.

Answer: India has an area of about 3.28 million sq. km.

(b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as_________________.

Answer: The Greater Himalayas are also known as Himadri.

(c) The largest state in India in terms of area is__________________.

Answer: The largest state in India in terms of area is Rajasthan.

(d) The river Narmada falls into the __________________ sea.

Answer: The river Narmada falls into the Arabian Sea.

(e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is ___________

Answer: The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is Tropic of Cancer.

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