1. Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Name the major physical divisions of India.
Answer– The major Physical divisions of India are:
The Himalayan Mountains
The Northern Indian Plains
The Peninsular plateau
The Coastal Plains
(b) India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.
Answer– The seven countries are Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
(c) Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea?
Answer– The rivers Narmada and Tapi are west-flowing rivers that drain into the Arabian Sea.
(d) Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
Answer– The Ganga and the Brahmaputra form the world’s largest delta, the Sundarbans delta.
(e) How many States and Union Territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?
Answer– There are 28 states and 8 union territories in India. The States of Haryana and Punjab have a common capital Chandigarh.
(f) Why do a large number of people live in the Northern Plains?
Answer– The Northern Indian plains are generally level and flat. These are formed by the alluvial deposits laid down by the rivers– the Indus, the Ganga, the Brahmaputra, and their tributaries. These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation. That is the reason for the high concentration of population in these plains.
(g) Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?
Answer– Because Lakshadweep islands are made up of coral, which are skeletons of tiny marine animals called Polyps. When the living polyps die, their skeletons are left. Other people grow on top of the hard skeleton which grows higher and higher, thus forming the coral islands.