👉 India is located in the northern hemisphere.
👉 The Tropic of Cancer (23°30’N) passes almost halfway through the country.
👉 From south to north, the main land of India extends between 8°4’N and 37°6’N latitudes.
👉 From west to east, India extends between 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes.
👉 The local time changes by four minutes for every one degree of longitude.
👉 Due to the great longitudinal extent of about 29°, there could be wide differences in local time of places located at two extreme points of India.
👉 The local time of longitude of 82°30’E has been taken as the Indian Standard Time. This meridian or longitude is also termed as the Standard Meridian of India.