1. Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?
Answer: Due to India’s location in the tropical region, most of the rain is brought by monsoon winds. Because agriculture in India is dependent on rains. Good monsoons mean adequate rain and a bountiful crop.
(b) Name the different seasons in India.
Answer: There are four different seasons in india-
• Cold Weather Season (Winter) December to February
• Hot Weather Season (Summer) March to May
• Southwest Monsoon Season (Rainy) June to September
• Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn) October and November
(c) What is natural vegetation?
Answer: The grasses, shrubs and trees, which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called natural vegetation.
2. Tick the correct answers.
(a) The world’s highest rainfall occurs in
(b) Wild goats and snow leopards are found in
(i) Himalayan region
(ii) Peninsular region
(iii) Gir forests
Answer: Himalayan region
(c) During the south west monsoon period, the moisture laden winds
(i) land to sea
(ii) sea to land
(iii) plateau to plains
Answer: sea to land
3. Fill in the blanks.
(a) Hot and dry winds known as ________________ blow during the day in the
Answer: Hot and dry winds known as Loo blow during the day in the
(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of
rainfall during the season of________________.
Answer: The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of retreating monsoons.
(c) ________________ forest in Gujarat is the home of ________________.
Answer: Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.