Science Class 6 – Chapter 2 – Components Of Food – NCERT Exercise solution (Question-Answer)

Science Class 6 – Chapter 2 -Components Of Food NCERT Exercise solution (Question-Answer) is provided below. Total 05 Questions are in this NCERT Exercise, all are solved here.

Q1. Name the major nutrients in our food.

Answer:- There are some major nutrients in our food:-

👉 Carbohydrates

👉 Proteins

👉 Vitamins

👉 Minerals

👉 Fats

In addition:-

  • Water
  • Dietary fibres/ Roughage

Examples of food containing above nutrients

👉 Carbohydrates:- rice, oatmeal, bread, bajra, potatoes, peas, corn milk, and yogurt, etc

👉 Proteins:– soybean, gram, moong, groundnut, almond, meat, egg white, milk, etc.

👉 Vitamins:- papaya, carrot, sweet potatoes, spinach, nuts, seeds, vegetable oils, meat, poultry, fish. etc.

👉 Minerals:- cereals, bread, meat, fish, nuts, fruit, dairy, milk, eggs, etc

Dietary fibres:– raw vegetables, cereals, fruits, dried peas, nuts, etc.

Q2. Name the following

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

Answer-Carbohydrates and fats

(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

Answer-Proteins and Minerals

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

Answer– Vitamin A

(d) A minerals that is required for keeping our bones healthy .


Q3. Name two foods each rich in

(a) Fats

Answer– Ghee, Cream

(b) Starch

Answer– Rice, Potato.

(c) Dietary fibres

Answer– Raw vegetables, Whole grains

(d) Protein

Answer-Milk, Almonds

Q4. Tick (  ) the statement that are correct

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfil the nutritional requirement of our body.  (  )

Answer- (✘) False

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (  )

Answer– () True

(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )

Answer– ()True

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )

Answer– (✘)False

Q5 . Fill in the blanks :-

(a) ____________ is caused by deficiency of vitamin D.

Answer– Rickets

(b) Deficiency of ______________  causes a disease known as Beriberi.

Answer– Vitamin B1

(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C  causes a disease known as _________.

Answer– Scurvy

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of _____________ in our food.

Answer– Vitamin A

Science Class 6 – Chapter 2 – Components of Food – NCERT Exercise solution (Question-Answer) ended👍👍👍

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